- A term used to refer to that position in the philosophy of the social sciences which assumes that the social world, like all other objects of external perception, consists of ideas originating from some source or other. Examples of such sources would be Hegel's ‘Geist’, Berkeley's God, or (most commonly in sociology) the minds of individual human beings. In other words, what idealism asserts ontologically is that society only exists in so far as human beings think that it exists. And what it asserts epistemologically is that the proper way to gain knowledge of society is through the investigation of this thinking.The position set out by Peter Winch in his The idea of a Social Science (1958) comes closest to that of pure idealism in contemporary social science, although some versions of discourse analysis are also good approximations. More commonly, however, sociologists drawn to idealism have followed one of two courses: either they have based themselves on a synthetic ontology which assumes the coexistence of mental and material phenomena in the social world, and have combined this with a largely empiricist epistemology (as, some have argued, in the case of Max Weber); or, they have combined an idealist ontology with an empiricist stress on the epistemological primacy to be accorded to observation (as, perhaps, in symbolic interactionism and ethnomethodology ).
Dictionary of sociology. 2013.
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Idealism — • The characteristic of those who regard the ideas of truth and right, goodness and beauty, as standards and directive forces Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Idealism Idealism … Catholic encyclopedia
idealism — IDEALÍSM s.n. 1. Orientare în filozofie, opusă materialismului, care consideră spiritul, conştiinţa, gândirea ca factor primordial, iar materia, natura, existenţa ca factor secund, derivat. ♢ Idealism obiectiv = idealism care concepe factorul… … Dicționar Român
Idealism — Idealism … Википедия
idealism — Idealism about something in philosophy is the doctrine that it is ideal , that is, mind dependent. There are three main forms of idealism: (1) subjective idealism, which holds that what we think of as physical things exist only because they… … Christian Philosophy
Idealism — Album par Digitalism Sortie Le 11 juin 2007 Durée 51:44 Genre Électronique Label Kitsuné Music Idealism est le premier al … Wikipédia en Français
Idealism — I*de al*ism, n. [Cf. F. id[ e]alisme.] 1. The quality or state of being ideal. [1913 Webster] 2. Conception of the ideal; imagery. [1913 Webster] 3. (Philos.) The system or theory that denies the existence of material bodies, and teaches that we… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
idealism — index casuistry Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 … Law dictionary
idealism — (n.) 1796, in the abstract sense, originally belief that reality is made up only of ideas, from IDEAL (Cf. ideal) (adj.) + ISM (Cf. ism); on model of Fr. idéalisme. Meaning representing things in an ideal form is from 1829 … Etymology dictionary
idealism — ► NOUN 1) the practice of forming or pursuing ideals, especially unrealistically. 2) (in art or literature) the representation of things in ideal form. DERIVATIVES idealist noun idealistic adjective idealistically adverb … English terms dictionary
idealism — [ī dē′əl iz΄əm] n. [Fr idéalisme or Ger idealismus] 1. behavior or thought based on a conception of things as they should be or as one would wish them to be; idealization 2. a striving to achieve one s ideals 3. imaginative treatment in art that… … English World dictionary
Idealism — The 20th century British scientist Sir James Jeans wrote that the Universe begins to look more like a great thought than like a great machine This article is about the philosophical notion of idealism. For other uses, see Idealism… … Wikipedia